Friday, February 12, 2010

On the Key to Acquiring Virtues Is Through Relationship: The 99 names of God

A Baha'i on writes... -gw
...relationships are the places where we learn and perfect our virtues - nothing tests us more profoundly in all of who we are (as anyone who has been or is married can probably testify :-) and it is there we learn to perfect the virtues within us. It is in that interplay with others that we better understand concepts such as kindness, compassion, generosity, gentleness, honor, humility, justice, mercy, respect, self-discipline, tolerance, trust, unity, and the list goes on. Muslims enumerate them in the 99 names of God.... So I support Buber, the path to spirituality (or knowledge of God's larger reality) is through relationship.
#   Arabic   Transliteration   Translation  
1 الرحمن Ar-Rahmān The All Beneficent, The Most Merciful in Essence, The Compassionate, The Most Gracious
2 الرحيم Ar-Rahīm The Most Merciful, The Most Merciful in Actions
3 الملك Al-Malik The Owner, The Sovereign, The True and Ultimate King
4 القدوس Al-Quddūs The Most Holy, The Most Pure, The Most Perfect
5 السلام As-Salām The Peace and Blessing, The Source of Peace and Safety, The Most Perfect
6 المؤمن Al-Mu'min The Guarantor, The Self Affirming, The Granter of Security, The Affirmer of Truth
7 المهيمن Al-Muhaymin The Guardian, The Preserver, The Overseeing Protector
8 العزيز Al-Azīz The Almighty, The Self Sufficient, The Most Honorable
9 الجبار Al-Jabbār The Despot, The Irresistible, The Compeller, The Most Lofty, The Restorer/Improver of Affairs
10 المتكبر Al-Mutakabbir The Arrogant, the Haughty, the Proud.
11 الخالق Al-Khāliq The Creator
12 البارئ Al-Bāri' The Rightful
13 المصور Al-Musawwir The Fashioner of Forms
14 الغفار Al-Ghaffār The Ever Forgiving
15 القهار Al-Qahhār The All Compelling Subduer
16 الوهاب Al-Wahhāb The Bestower
17 الرزاق Ar-Razzāq The Ever Providing
18 الفتاح Al-Fattāh The Opener, The Victory Giver
19 العليم Al-'Alīm The All Knowing, The Omniscient
20 القابض Al-Qābid The Restrainer, The Straightener
21 الباسط Al-Bāsit The Extender / Expander
22 الخافض Al-Khāfid The Abaser
23 الرافع Ar-Rāfi' The Exalter
24 المعز Al-Mu'izz The Giver of Honour
25 المذل Al-Mu'dhell The Giver of Dishonour
26 السميع As-Samī The All Hearing
27 البصير Al-Basīr The All Seeing
28 الحكم Al-Hakam The Judge, The Arbitrator
29 العدل Al-`Adl The Utterly Just
30 اللطيف Al-Latīf The Gentle, The Subtly Kind
31 الخبير Al-Khabīr The All Aware
32 الحليم Al-Halīm The Forbearing, The Indulgent
33 العظيم Al-'Azīm The Magnificent, The Infinite
34 الغفور Al-Ghafūr The All Forgiving
35 الشكور Ash-Shakūr The Grateful
36 العلي Al-'Aliyy The Sublimely Exalted
37 الكبير Al-Kabīr The Great
38 الحفيظ Al-Hafīz The Preserver
39 المقيت Al-Muqīt The Nourisher
40 الحسيب Al-Hasīb The Bringer of Judgment
41 الجليل Al-Jalīl The Majestic
42 الكريم Al-Karīm The Bountiful, The Generous
43 الرقيب Ar-Raqīb The Watchful
44 المجيب Al-Mujīb The Responsive, The Answerer
45 الواسع Al-Wāsi' The Vast, The All Encompassing
46 الحكيم Al-Hakīm The Wise
47 الودود Al-Wadūd The Loving
48 المجيد Al-Majīd The All Glorious
49 الباعث Al-Bā'ith The Raiser of The Dead
50 الشهيد Ash-Shahīd The Witness
51 الحق Al-Haqq The Truth, The Real
52 الوكيل Al-Wakīl The Trustee, The Dependable
53 القوى Al-Qawwiyy The Strong
54 المتين Al-Matīn The Firm, The Steadfast
55 الولى Al-Waliyy The Protecting Friend, Patron and Helper
56 الحميد Al-Hamīd The All Praiseworthy
57 المحصى Al-Muhsi The Accounter, The Numberer of All
58 المبدئ Al-Mubdi' The Producer, Originator, and Initiator of All
59 المعيد Al-Mu'īd The Restorer, The Reinstater Who Brings Back All
60 المحيى Al-Muhyi The Giver of Life
61 المميت Al-Mumīt The Bringer of Death, The Destroyer
62 الحي Al-Hayy The Ever Living
63 القيوم Al-Qayyūm The Self Subsisting Provider of All
64 الواجد Al-Wājid The Perceiver, The Finder, The Unfailing
65 الماجد Al-Mājid The Illustrious, The Magnificent
66 الواحد Al-Wāhid The One, The Indivisible
67 الاحد Al-'Ahad The One, The Unique
68 الصمد As-Samad The Eternal, The Eternally Besought of All, The Everlasting, The Uncaused Cause of All Being
69 القادر Al-Qādir The All Able
70 المقتدر Al-Muqtadir The All Determiner, The Dominant
71 المقدم Al-Muqaddim The Expediter, He Who Brings Forward
72 المؤخر Al-Mu'akhkhir The Delayer, He Who Puts Far Away
73 الأول Al-'Awwal The First (Alpha)
74 الأخر Al-'Akhir The Last (Omega)
75 الظاهر Az-Zāhir The Manifest, The All Victorious
76 الباطن Al-Bātin The Hidden, The All Encompassing
77 الوالي Al-Wāli The Patron
78 المتعالي Al-Mutā'ali The Self Exalted
79 البر Al-Barr The Most Kind and Righteous
80 التواب At-Tawwāb The Ever Returning, Ever Relenting
81 المنتقم Al-Muntaqim The Avenger
82 العفو Al-Afuww The Pardoner, The Effacer of Sins
83 الرؤوف Ar-Ra'ūf The Compassionate, The All Pitying
84 مالك الملك Mālik-ul-Mulk The Owner of All Sovereignty
85 ذو الجلال والإكرام Dhū-l-Jalāli
The Lord of Majesty and Generosity
86 المقسط Al-Muqsiţ The Equitable, The Requiter
87 الجامع Al-Jāmi The Gatherer, The Unifier
88 الغني Al-Ghaniyy The All Rich, The Independent
89 المغني Al-Mughni The Enricher, The Emancipator
90 المانع Al-Māni' The Withholder, The Shielder, the Defender
91 الضار Ad-Dārr The Distressor, The Harmer, The Afflictor
92 النافع An-Nāfi The Propitious, The Benefactor, The Useful
93 النور An-Nūr The One Who Creates the Light of Belief in the Hearts of All the Believers
94 الهادي Al-Hādi The Guide
95 البديع Al-Badī The Incomparable, The Originator
96 الباقي Al-Bāqi The Ever Enduring and Immutable
97 الوارث Al-Wārith The Heir, The Inheritor of All
98 الرشيد Ar-Rashīd The Guide, Infallible Teacher and Knower
99 الصبور As-Sabur


The Patient, The Timeless.'an

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